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Causes Of Obsession With Compulsive Disorder In Children


Every play there are little things that children usually fuss about. This problem can be caused because it does not match with his friend. Fight over the same toys as having friends. Make fun of a friend when you lose a game. There is also physical contact with his friend while playing. This little problem is a natural thing to happen to children. Because a minute later they had reconciled and played again with his friend. One minute later another conflict with another friend. This is a normal thing that happens to children when playing and interacting. The child is in the process of learning to understand the difference with his friend. Children learn to understand problems with their environment. Children learn to find solutions to solve their problems independently.

What is OCD in children?

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a form of anxiety disorder characterized by perfectionism and obsessing over something. OCD can be experienced by children. Quoting the American Psychiatric Association, explaining that OCD is an anxiety disorder that can make a person have strong unwanted thoughts or sensations. To make a child feel the need to do a one activity over and over again. If not done, OCD sufferers will be overcome with feelings of anxiety and fear. OCD disorders that occur in children have almost the same symptoms as adults.

According to the International OCD Foundation, OCD disorder in children can occur in children of any age. However, the experience on the ground, symptoms that often appear in children for the first time when the child is in grade 3 or between the ages of 9-12 years.

How Is The Observation And Diagnosis Of OCD In Children?

The steps to diagnose OCD are to make psychological observations as well as a physical examination. This is done to help find the trigger. That is causing the symptoms and to check for problems that occur. The results of psychological and diagnostic observations for OCD should refer to the Diagnostic and Statistical Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association. Observing a child’s psychological. Including observing patterns of behavior, communication, and interaction. A physical diagnosis is performed through a complete blood test (CBC) in the laboratory to check thyroid function, and screen for alcohol and drugs.

What Are Alex’s Observations And Diagnoses?

It’s different from children in general. Alex is a very sensitive boy. It’s not easy for Alex to understand the small difference that occurs when interacting with his friends. Every little thing is going to be a big, pretty serious problem for Alex. Such as the incident during practicum science (IPA) activities. There was a friend who joked after finishing practicum called Alex a chimpanzee. suddenly occurs the mouth fight then continues into a physical fight until it is tolerated by the teacher who accompanies him.

This condition occurs to Alex several times, so assistance is done to help solve Alex’s problems. Before doing therapy on Alex, we first establish diagnoses and psychological observations. The results of observations of Alex obtained the following data:

1. Alex’s motoric visual ability is more dominant than verbal communication skills.

2. Alex is classified as less able to refrain from giving physical reactions directly when faced with situations that offend his feelings.

3. Alex performs activities that tend to be antisocial because they are less able to solve concrete problems appropriately.

4. Tend to be easily suspicious of the situation at hand.

5. His behavior tends to be challenging (oppositional disorder), fight and cross from the behavior of other children his age.

6. Unable to view the problem realistically Tends to react quickly without being accompanied by mature thinking (impulsive).

7. Less able to control yourself when facing situations that provoke emotions.

8. The ability to adjust socially and tolerance to the conditions that friends have is very lacking. So that there is no close relationship with peers.

9. Alex can’t accept the father figure known as the one who can’t hold back emotions.

10. Alex’s father tends to be easy to punish without providing supportive information.

11. The learning model of emotional management obtained at home is very low.

12. No neurological disorders due to drugs or from the source of learning problems experienced by Alex

How To Treat OCD In Alex?

The treatment approach or treatment carried out for cases that occur in Alex is with behavioral therapy. Train Alex’s behavior to respond to negative words like, “you’re a chimpanzee” with a silent response. In a stationary state, Alex is trained to control and control breathing in relaxation. Not panting or the condition of the heart beating fast.

Changing this behavior is done defensively and sustainably in a disciplined and consistent manner. At first, Alex didn’t have the right to do it. Alex felt his whole body tremble or tremor. Starting from the hands, body, and legs feel trembling when receiving negative treatment of friends. When Alex felt unable, he immediately left the classroom and asked the accompanying teacher for help.

The events experienced by Alex in class for one month Alhamdulillah paid off. There was no physical contact with his classmates. Alex begins to be able to respond to situations that displease him calmly. Alex’s ability to communicate is also developing quite well. And the conditions in the classroom gradually became normal again.

This condition is supported by Alex’s family. Alex’s father and mother are passionate and enthusiastic about supporting the change in their child’s behavior. This doesn’t happen with arrival, but parents also gradually change emotional behavior when interacting at home. Dad understands very well that his emotional behavior can hurt Alex’s current behavior.

When OCD occurs in children there is still an earlier and easier opportunity to change it before the child becomes an adult and OCD behavior has settled.
It’s never too late for children and parents to change for the better.
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